The University Grants Commission (UGC) has launched a scheme on skills development based higher education as part of college/university education, leading to Bachelor of Vocation (B.Voc.) Degree with multiple exits such as Diploma/Advanced Diploma under the NSQF. The B.Voc. programme is focused on universities and colleges providing undergraduate studies which would also incorporate specific job roles and their NOSs along with broad based general education. This would enable the graduates completing B.Voc. to make a meaningful participation in accelerating India’s economy by gaining appropriate employment, becoming entrepreneurs and creating appropriate knowledge.
In December 2011, Tata Institute of Social Sciences set up the School of Vocational Education (SVE) to provide immediate and definite interventions to improve the lives of the disadvantaged and marginalized youth, especially who are excluded by the formal school education system, through appropriate vocational training programmes. It has been set up with a vision of creating an ecosystem that would bring back the dignity of labour for blue collar streams of work and create sustainable sources of income. This project has been initiated under the aegis of All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) proposed by the Ministry of HRD, Government of India.
The approach adopted by TISS-SVE is called the Work Integrated Training programme (WITP).
This Vocational Educational Programme is being implemented for the first time in India with a focus on job-specific skills rather than providing only a broad based education. The aim is to enable the students to learn the skill by engaging in on-the-job training at real shop floor of the industry/company along with classroom theoretical training. Through this “Earn while you Learn” approach model, the trainee may also earn a modest stipend during on-the-job duration of the course. Although, this is not mandatory for any institution, TISS-SVE strongly encourages the training partners to adopt this practice.